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60个句型你要的初中英语所有高频考点都在这

2017-03-16 14:01 | 来源:网络综合 | 作者:佚名 | 本文已影响

 

         这60个句型中包含词汇、短语、固定搭配和语法等全方位的知识点因此它们的重要性是不言而喻的

  1. as…as 和……一样

  中间必须用形容词或副?#35797;?#32423;。例如

  This classroom is as big as that one.

  这间教室和那间一样大。

  He runs as fast as Tom. 他和汤姆跑的一样快。

  否定结构not as/so…as,“不如……”。上面的两个句子可分别改为

  This classroom is not as/so large as that one.

  这间教室不如那间大。

  He doesn’t run as/so fast as Tom.

  他跑得不如汤姆快。

  2. as soon as 一……就……

  用来引导时间状语从句。若主句是一般将来时从句要用一般现在时。例如

  I’ll tell him the plan as soon as I see him.

  我一看到他就告诉他这个计划。

  He’ll go home as soon as he finishes his work.

  他一完成工作就回家。

  3. be busy/enjoy/hate/go on/finish doing sth. 忙于/?#19981;?讨厌/继续/完成做某事

  在enjoy, finish, hate, go on, be busy等词语后一般用动词-ing?#38382;?#20316;宾语。例如

  Lin Tao is busy making a model plane.

  林涛正忙着做飞机模型。

  My mother enjoys taking a walk after supper.

  我妈妈?#19981;?#26202;饭后散?#20581;?/span>

  I hate watching Channel Five.

  我讨厌看五频道。

  When someone asked him to have a rest, he just went on working.

  当有人让他休息一会儿时他仍继续工作。

  I have finished writing the story.

  我已经写完了故事。

  4. fill…with 用……装满...... be filled with 充满了……be full of 充满了......

  be filled with ?#24471;?#30001;外界事物造成的此种状态表示?#27426;?#20363;如

  The box is filled with food.

  盒子里装满了食物。

  be full of?#24471;?#20027;语处于的状态。此外还可表示程度意为“非常”。例如

  The patient’s room is full of flowers.

  那个病人的?#32771;?#25670;满了花。

  The young man is full of pride.

  那个年轻人非常骄傲。

  这两种结构还可以相互改写。例如

  I fill the box with food. The box is full of food.

  5. be good/bad for 有利于/有害于……

  此句型是be+adj.+for+n.结构。例如

  Doing morning exercises is good for your health.

  做早操对你的健康有益。

  Always playing computer games is bad for your study.

  总玩电脑游戏对你的学习不利。

  6. be used to(doing) sth. 习惯于……

  后必须接名词或动名词可用于现在、过去、将来的多种时态。be 可用get,become来代替。 例如

  He is used to life in the country.(He is used to living in the country.)

  他习惯于乡村生活。

  He will get used to getting up early.

  他将会习惯于早起。

  注意be used to do 的意?#38469;?ldquo;被用来做……”。例如

  Wood is used to make paper.

  木材被用来造?#20581;?/span>

  7. both…and…两者都……

  用来连接两个并列成分;当连接两个并列主语时其后谓语动?#35270;?#22797;数。例如

  Both the students and the teachers will go to the History Museum tomorrow.

  不论老师还是学生明天都会去历史博物馆。

  8. can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事

  help在此的意?#38469;?ldquo;?#31181;?忍住”其后接动词-ing?#38382;健?#20363;如

  His joke is too funny. We can’t help laughing.

  他的笑话太有趣了我们禁不止笑了起来。

  9. sth. costs sb. some money 某物花费某人多少钱

  此句型的主语是物。cost一词带的是双宾语它的过去?#20581;?#36807;去分词和原型一样。

  This book cost me five yuan.

  这本书花?#23435;?#20116;元钱。

  10. either…or… 不是……就是……,或者……或者……

  用来连接两个并列成分当连接并列主语时谓语动?#35270;?#37051;近的主语保持一致。

  You may either stay here or go home.

  你可?#28304;?#22312;这儿?#37096;?#20197;回家。

  Either she or I am right. = Either I or she is right.

  不是她对就是我对。

  11. enough (for sb.) to do sth. 足够……做……

  在此结构中,for用来引出不定式的逻辑主语。例如

  The ice isn’t thick enough for you to walk on.

  这冰还没有厚到你可以在上面走的程度。

  12. feel like doing sth. 想要做某事

  此处like为介词后面跟动词-ing?#38382;健?#27492;句型与would like to do sth.同义。例如

  I feel like drinking a cup of milk.

  我想喝一杯牛奶。

  13. feel/find/think it adj./n. to do sth. 认为某事……

  在此结构中it为?#38382;?#23486;语不定式短语作真正的宾语。例如

  I find it very interesting to play football.

  我发现踢足球很有趣。

  She thinks it her duty to help us.

  她认为帮助我们是她的职责。

  14. get ready for sth./to do sth.

  get ready for sth.意为“为某事做准备”get ready to do sth.意为“准备做某事”例如

  We are getting ready for the meeting.

  我们正在为会议做准备。

  They were getting ready to have a sports meet at that moment.

  他们那时正准备开运动会。

  15. get/receive/ a letter from 收到……的来信

  相当于hear from 例如

  Did you receive a letter from John?

  你收到约翰的来信了吗?

  I got a letter from my brother yesterday.

  我昨天收到?#23435;?#24351;弟的一封来信。

  16. had better (not) do sth. 最好(别)做某事

  had better为情态动词其后需用动?#35797;?#24418;。had better常用缩写变成’d better其否定?#38382;?#26159;在其后直接加not。例如

  We had better go now. = We’d better go now.

  我们最好现在走吧。

  You’d better not go out because it is windy.

  今天刮风你最好别出去了。

  17. have sth. done 使(某事)完成 (动作由别人完成)

  sth.为宾语done为过去分词作补语。例如

  We had the machine repaired.

  我们请人把机器修好了。

  注意区分 We have repaired the machine. 我们(?#32422;?已经修好了机器。

  18. help sb. (to) do sth./with sth. 帮助某人(做)某事

  其中的to可以省略。例如

  I often help my mother with housework.

  ?#39029;?#24120;帮助妈妈做家务。

  Would you please help me (to) look up these words?

  请你帮助我查查这些词好吗?

  19. How do you like…? 你认为……怎么样?

  与what do you think of …?同义。 例如

  How do you like the weather in Beijing?你

  认为?#26412;?#30340;天气怎么样? 你觉得这部新电影如何?

  20. I don’t think/believe that… 我认我/相信……不……

  其中的not是对宾语从句进行否定而不是对主句否定(否定前移)。that可省略。例如

  I don’t think it will rain.

  我认为天不会下雨。

  I don’t believe the girl will come.

  我相信那女孩不会来了。

  21. It happens that… 碰巧……

  相当于happen to do。例如

  It happened that I heard their secret.

  可改写为 I happened to hear their secret.

  我碰巧听到了他们的秘密。

  22. It’s/has been +一?#38382;?#38388;+since从句 ?#28304;?#26576;时起做某件事情已经一?#38382;?#38388;了

  该句型中since引导的时间状语从句常用一般过去时。例如

  It’s twenty years since he came here.

  他来这里已经20年了。

  It has been six years since he married Mary.

  他和玛丽结婚已经六年了。

  23. It is +adj./n. + for sb. to do sth. 做某事对某人来说……

  It是?#38382;?#20027;语真正的主语是不定式to do sth。例如

  It’s not easy for us to study English well.

  对我们来说学好英语并不容?#20303;?/span>

  It’s a good idea for us to travel to the south.

  去南方旅行对我们来说是个好主意。

  24. It’s + adj. + of sb. to do sth.

  It是?#38382;?#20027;语to do sth.是真正的主语, 当表语(即形容词)能对逻辑主语描述时常用介词of,而不用for。例如

  It’s very polite of you to give your seat to old people.

  你给老人让座非常有礼?#30149;?/span>

  25. It seems/appears to sb that… (在某人看来)好像……

  此句中的it是主语that引导的是表语从句。例如

  It seems that he is lying. 看样子他好像是在撒谎。

  It appears to me that he never smiles. 在我看来他从来没有笑过。

  26. It is +数词+metres/kilometers long/wide… ……是多少米(公里)长(宽)

  用来表示物体的长(宽,高)如数词大于一名词要用复数。例如

  It is 20 metres long from this end to that end. 从这端到那端有二十米长。

  27. It’s time for sb. to do sth. 是某人干某事的时候了

  it是?#38382;?#20027;语真正的主语是动词不定式to do sth. 例如

  It’s time for the child to go to bed.

  孩子该睡觉了。

  比较下面两种结构

   It’s time for + n. 例如

  It’s time for school.

  It’s time to do sth. 例如

  It’s time to go to school.

  28. It takes sb. some time to do sth. 花费某人多少时间做某事

  it是?#38382;?#20027;语真正的主语是动词不定式to do sth。例如

  It takes her fifteen minutes to walk to the bus stop from here.

  从这儿走着到公交车站将花费她15分钟。

  It took the old man three days to finish the work.

  那个老人花了三天时间完成这项工作。

  29. keep (on) doing sth. 一直坚持做某事

  keep doing sth.一般用于静态动词。keep on doing sth.意为“继续不停地做某事”一般用于动态动词但二者的区别并不是很严格有时可以互换。例如

  Don’t keep on doing such foolish things.

  不要再做这样的傻事了。

  He kept sitting there all day.

  他整天坐在那里。

  30. keep…from doing sth. 阻止......做某事

  相当于stop…from doing sth., prevent…from doing sth. 在主动句中stop和prevent后面的from可以省略但在?#27426;?#32467;构中from不可以省略。例如

  Please keep the children from swimming in the sea.

  请别让孩子到海里游泳。

  The big noise outside my room stopped me from doing my homework.

  屋外巨大的噪音使我不能做作业。

  31. keep sb. doing sth. 让某人一直做某事

  不可和keep sb.from doing sth.结构混淆。

  例如Why do you keep me waiting for a long time? 你为什么让我等了很长时间?

  32. make sb. do sth. 使某人干某事

  make意为“使”时其后要有不带to的动词不定?#20581;?/span>

  例如He made me work ten hours a day. 他让我每天工作10小时。

  注意上句如改为?#27426;?#35821;态则work 前的to不能省略。例如

  I was made to work ten hours a day.

  33. neither…nor… 既不……也不……

  当连接两个并列主语时谓语动?#35270;?#37051;近的主语取得一致(就进一致原则)。例如

  Neither we nor Jack knows him. 我们和杰克都不认?#31471;?/span>

  He neither knows nor cares what happened. 他对发生的事情不闻不问。

  34. not…until… 直到……才......

  until后可跟名词或从句表示时间。例如

  He didn’t come until late in the evening.他直到晚上很迟才来。

  He didn’t arrive until the game began. 直到比赛开始他才来。

  35. sb. pays money for sth. 某人花钱买某物

  此句型主语是人。例如

  I’ve already paid 2,000 yuan for the motor bike. 我已经花了2000元买这辆摩托车。

  36. spend time/money on sth./(in)doing sth. 花费(时间、钱)在某事上/做某事

  其中in可以省略通常主语为“人”。例如

  I spent five yuan on this book. 我在这本书上花?#23435;?#20803;钱。

  I spent two hours (in) doing my homework yesterday. 昨晚?#19968;?#20102;两个小时做作业。

  37. so…that… 太……以至于……

  用于复合句that引导的是结果状语从句。so是副词,后面应?#26377;?#23481;词或副词如果接名词应用such。 例如

  The ice is so thin that you can’t walk on it. 冰太薄了你不能在上面走。

  He is such a kind man that we all like him. 他是一个非常好的人我们都很?#19981;端?/span>

  38. stop to do sth., stop doing sth.

  stop to do sth. 意为“停下来去做另一件事”stop doing sth.意为“停止正在做的事”例如

  You’re too tired. You’d better stop to have a rest. 你们太累了最好停下来休息一会儿。

  The teacher is coming. Let’s stop talking. 老师来了咱们别说话了。

  39. Thank you for doing sth. 感激你做了某事。

  for之后除了加动名词doing外还可以加名词。例如

  Thank you for giving me the present. 谢谢你给我的礼物。

  Thank you for your help. =Thank you for helping me.谢谢你的帮助。

  40. thanks to 多亏……,由于……

  thanks后的s不能省略to是介词。例如

  Thanks to my friend Jim, I’ve worked out this problem. 多亏?#23435;?#26379;友吉姆的帮助我已经解决了这个问题。

  41. There be句型

  在此结构中there是引导词在句中不能充当任何成分也不必翻译出来。句中的主语是某人或某物谓语动词be要与主语的数保持一致。例如

  There is a man at the door. 门口有一个人。

  当主语是由两个或者两者以上的名词充当时谓语动词be要跟它邻近的那个名词的数一致(就近一致)。例如

  There are two dogs and a cat under the table.?#32769;?#26377;两?#36824;?#21644;一只猫。

  比较There is a cat and two dogs under the table.

  There be 句型中的be不能用have来代替但可以用lie(位于躺),stand(矗立),exist(生存),live(生活)等词来替换。例如

  There stand a lot of tall buildings on both sides of the street. 街道两?#28304;?#31435;着许多高楼。

  There lies lake in front of our school.我们学校前面有一个湖。

  Once there lived a king here. 这儿曾经有一个国王。

  There is going to be a sports meeting next week. 下周准备开一个运动会。

  there be 的拓展结构 there seem(s)/happen(s) to be…

  There seems to be one mistake in spelling.

  似乎有一处拼写错误。

  There happened to be a ruler here. 这儿碰巧有把尺子。

  There seemed to be a lot of people there. 那儿似乎有很多人。

  42. The + adj.比较级, the + adj.比较级 越……,越……

  此句型表示一方随另一方的变化而变化。例如

  The harder he works, the happier he feels.他工作越努力就感到越幸福。

  The more, the better. 多多益善。

  43. too+adj./adv. +to do sth. 太……以至于不能…….

  此句型为简单句后面的to表示否定含义。例如

  The ice is too thin for you to walk on. 这冰太薄你不能在上面走。

  The bag is too heavy to carry. 这个袋子太重搬不动。

  44. used to do sth. 过去常常做某事

  used to是情态动词表示过去的习惯动作或状态现在已不存在因此只用于过去时态。例如:

  He used to get up early. 他过去总早起。

  When I was yong, I used to play tennis very often. 我年轻时经常打网球。

  否定?#38382;?#26377;两种didn’t use to;used not to,例如

  He didn’t use to come. = He usedn’t to come. 他过去不常来。

  45. what about…? ……怎么样?

  后面可接名词、代词、动名词等。与“how about…?”同义。例如

  We have been to Hainan. What about you? 我们去过海南你呢?

  What about going to the park on Sunday? 星期天去公园怎么样?

  46. What day/date is it today? 今天星期几(几月几日)?

  —What day is it today?

  —Sunday.

  —What date is it today?

  —June 24th.

  47. What’s wrong (the matter) with…? ……怎么了?

  What’s wrong with you, Madam? 夫人您怎么了?

  You look worried. What’s wrong with you? 你看上去很焦?#20445;?#20986;什?#35789;?#20102;?

  48. Why not do…? 为什么不做……?

  谓语动?#35270;?#21407;形。与Why don’t you do…?同义。例如

  Why not go to see the film with us?= Why don’t you go to see the film with us? 为什么不和我们一起去看电影呢?

  49. would like to do sth. 想做……

  后用动词不定式作宾语。例如

  I would like to drink a cup of tea.我想喝一杯茶。

  疑问句式Would you like (to drink) a cup of tea? 你想喝杯茶吗?

  50. adj./adv.比较级 + and adj./adv.比较级 越来越......

  若形容词/副词为双音节?#22987;?#22810;音节词则这一结构变为“more and more +形容词/副词”。例如

  It’s getting warmer and warmer. 天气变得越来越暖和了。

  The little girl becomes more and more beautiful. 小女孩变得越来越漂亮了。

  51. adj.比较级+than

  than引导的是典型的比较级句型表示“一者比另一者……”,其前用形容词或副词的比较级than从句可以用省略?#38382;健?#20363;如

  I know you better than she does. 我?#20154;?#26356;了解你。

  This house is bigger than that one. 这所房子比那所房子大。

  52. though-从句

  though引导的是让步状语从句意?#38469;?ldquo;虽然……但是……”。但不能和but连用英语中表达“虽然……,但是……”时though和but只能用一个。例如

  Though it was snowing, it was not very cold. 虽然下着雪可并不太冷。

  I was late for the last bus though I hurried. 虽然我拼命?#19979;P?#36824;是没搭上最后一班公交车。

  We didn’t feel tired though we walked a long way. 虽然我们走了很长的路程但是并没有感到累。

  53. if-从句

  If 引导的是条件状语从句“如果;假如“。如主句用一般将来时if从句要用一般现在时(主将从现)。例如

  If I go to the Great Wall tomorrow, would you like to come along? 如果明天我去长城你会和我一起去吗?

  If it rains tomorrow, I won’t go. 如果明天下雨我就不去了。

  54. because-从句

  引导原因状语从句“因为”。 例如

  He didn’t hear the knocking at the door because he was listening to the radio. 他没有听见敲门声因为他正在听收音机。

  55. so + do/be + 主语

  “So + be/助动词/情态动词 + 主语” 表示前面所述内容也?#35270;?#20110;另一人或物。be、助动词或情态动词的选择视前面?#29575;?#21477;中谓语动词的时态?#38382;?#32780;定。例

  He likes football and so do I. 他?#19981;?#36275;球我也如此。

  Jim was playing football just now and so was Tom. 刚才吉姆在踢足球汤姆也在踢足球。

  比较 “So +主语+be/助动词/情态动词.”结构是用来证实前一句所表达的内容(起?#24247;?#20316;用)。be、助动词或情态动词的选择视前面?#29575;?#21477;中谓语动词的时态?#38382;?#32780;定。

  A: It is very hot today. 今天天气很?#21462;?/span>

  B: So it is. 确?#31561;?#27492;。

  56. not only…but also… 不但……而且……

  常用来连接语法作用相同的词、短语或句子。连接两个主语时谓语动词要和紧靠它的主语在人称和数上保持一致。例如

  She likes not only singing but also dancing. 她不但?#19981;?#21809;歌而且?#19981;短?#33310;。

  He is not only a good doctor but also a good father. 他不但是个好医生而且是个好?#32844;ャ?/span>

  Not only I but also he is hoping to go there. 不但我而且他也想去那儿。

  57. prefer…to… ?#19981;?hellip;…胜过…...

  prefer (doing) sth. to (doing) sth. 意为“两者相比更?#19981;?做)其中之一”。在此结构中to是介词接名词或动名词结构中前后所跟成分一样。例如

  He prefers tea to coffee. 茶与咖啡相比他更?#19981;?#33590;。

  He prefers doing shopping to going fishing.购物与钓鱼相比他更?#19981;?#36141;物。

  58. 感叹句型

  What (a/an) + adj. + n. +主语+谓语! How + adj./adv.+ +主语+谓语! 例如

  What a clever boy (he is)! =How clever the boy is! 这个男孩儿多聪明啊

  What a wonderful film we saw last night! 昨天晚上我们看的电影多精彩啊!

  How lovely the weather is! 天气多好啊!

  How hard he works! 他工作多么努力啊!

  59. 祈使句型

  祈使句型表示命令、请求、劝告等含义。说话的对象通常为第二人称习惯上常省略。句末用句号或感叹号。肯定祈使句是谓语动?#35270;?#21160;?#35797;?#24418;表示。否定祈使句是在谓语动词前加do not(don’t)。例如

  Be here on time tomorrow. 明天准时到这儿来。

  Say it in English! 用英语说!

  Don’t be afraid! 别怕!

  Don’t look out of the window! 不要朝窗外看!

  60. 并列句型

  用并列连词连接起来的两个或两个以上的简单句叫并列句。连接并列句常用的连接词有and, but, or, so, however, not only…but also..., neither…nor..., either…or…等。例如

  I help her and she helps me. 我帮助她她帮助我。

  He is very old but he is in good health. 他年纪很大了但他身体很好。

  We must hurry, or we’ll be late. 我们得赶快走不然就晚了。

  Kate does her work carefully, so she never makes any mistakes. 凯特工作很认真从不出错。

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